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Luxor Times

Luxor Times

Thursday 6 December 2018

Middle Kingdom Burial Shaft Discovered by Egyptian Archaeologists in Fayoum

The Egyptian archaeological mission working at Kom El Khelua necropolis in Fayoum directed by Dr. Aiman Ashmawi has discovered during their work started last month, a burial shaft to the east of Prince Waje’s Middle Kingdom tomb.  

Dr. Mostafa Waziri said “El Khelua is located at the far south of Fayoum about 40 km from the town. It is a Middle Kingdom necropolis and precisely the time of King Amenemhat III (1842-1799 B.C) and it was reused as a Christian settlement during Byzantine time.

Dr. Aiman Ashmawi said that the shaft leads to 3 burial chambers. The team found in them 40cm-torso of a sandstone statue of a person with his right arm across his chest. The findings include a middle part of basal statue measures 20 cm in height and a number of potteries besides 3 canopic jars covers but the jars themselves are smashed and inside one of them remains of the deceased.  
Dr. Ashmawi implied that it was probably robbed and reused as a burial in later times. 

Dr. Hany Abo ElAzm (Director of Middle Egypt Antiquities) said “The Tomb of Waje in a rock cut tome and it was discovered by the Italian mission of Pisa university in 1981 during an archaeological survey project. The mission discovered a limestone statue bearing the name of Prince Waje and it is currently in the storeroom in Kom Oshim in Fayoum.

#Egypt #Egyptology #Archaeology #Fayoum #MiddleKingdom #History

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Tuesday 27 November 2018

Several Mummies Discovered by Egyptian Archaeologist South of Cairo

Egyptian Archaeologists Discover Several Ancient Egyptian Burials south of Cairo

The Egyptian Archaeological mission directed by Dr. Mostafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, discovered several burials to the south east of the White Pyramid of King Amenemhat II in Dahshur, 22 miles south of Cairo.

Dr. Waziri said that the mission started working at the site in August 2018 and discovered several burials contain 8 limestone coffins, inside the coffins there are mummies with cartonnage. Three of them are in a good state of preservation and they are dated to the Late Period.

Dr. Waziri added that the sarcophagi are now stored in storerooms for restoration and they will be included in the museum display plans for the several museums being established by the Ministry of Antiquities in Egypt.

#Egypt #Cairo #Pyramid #Mummies #Sarcophagi #Cartonnage  #Archaeology #Egyptology #Mummy #TheMummy

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Saturday 24 November 2018

Breaking News: 3000-year Tomb Contains Intact Coffins discovered in Luxor

A team of Egyptian archaeologists discovered a 3000-year-old Ramesside tomb in Assasif area on the west bank of the Nile in Luxor, Egypt. 

The work started in March 2018 and stopped in May 2018 then resumed in August 2018 and still ongoing. 

During the work, over 300 cubic meters of debris was cleared. The tomb shows depictions of Queen “Ahmos-Nefertari” and her son “Amenhotep I” according to minister of antiquities, Dr. Khalid El-Enany.

The tomb belongs to a man called “Shu En Khet.ef” (Thaw-Irkhet-if )meaning “North Wind in his back” who was a “Scribe of the mummification chapel in Mut temple” as Dr. Mostafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities said during the press conferece held this morning a couple of hundred meteres away from the famous temple of Deir Bahari in the background and a few steps of the said discovered tomb. 

Dr. Waziri added that the Scribe’s wife was a “Chantress of Mut”. 
In their tomb, over 1000 ushabtis, coloured wooden masks, faience figurines and papyri bears a part of chapters 125 of Book of the Dead were found.

Then during the work and in September 2018, a side room was discovered and it was sealed with mud bricks. 
 Inside that room, 2 wooden coffins were found with flowers on top of them and in perfect condition of preservation. The coffins are dated to 25th or 26th Dynasty. 
First one for a man called “Padiese” who was a high priest of Amun and the other coffin for his wife who was a chantress of Amun. 

#Egypt #Egyptology #Archaeology #Mummies #Discovery #Luxor #Thebes #AncientEgyptianTomb

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Wednesday 21 November 2018

Egyptian Archaeologists Unearth More of Re Temple in Old Heliopolis

The Egyptian archaeological mission of Ain Shams university directed by Dr. Mamdouh ElDamaty successfully discovered two limestone blocks at the northern part at the site of Arab El-Hisn in old Heliopolis, modern Matariya.

Dr. Mamdouh El-Damaty said “The discovered blocks bear the inscriptions of Ramses II’s architect who is called “Amen-Mapet””

The architect was one of most famous architects of Ramses II’s reign and he is the father of architect who overseen the building of Luxor temple. 

Dr. ElDamaty added “The text discovered shows the this architect was the overseer of building of the festival palace and Ramses II chapel which the mission discovered earlier this season. The inscriptions also mention the titles of the architect including “Overseer of all of King Ramses II work” and “Chief of police or Medhay in the south”.

According to Dr. ElDamaty, Architect “Amen-Mapet” overseen the  building of northern stature of Ramses II where the blocks were discovered as well as a limestone wall with an entrance in the middle of it leading to a mud brick floor. 

The wall was separating two court yards behind the statues which not all their features are discovered yet. What was discovered so far reveals an important part of the temple of Re in old Heliopolis and the mission will continue their work in March and April 2019 to reveal more of the site’s architecture elements. 

#Egypt #Archaeology #Egyptology 

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Wednesday 14 November 2018

3500-year Burial of a Pregnant Woman Discoered in Aswan

The Egyptian-Italian archaeological mission working in Kom Ombo, Aswan discovered a burial of a pregnant woman. 

Dr. Mostafa Waziri said “Almost-intact burial was discovered in a cemetery was used by nomads who came to Egypt through the desert from south Nubia during the second intermediate period (1750-1550 B.C).”

According to Dr. Waziri, the preliminary studies show that at the time of her death, the woman was about 25 years old and she was very close to her due date.

He added that the baby’s skeleton was found in his mother pelvic area and the fetus had already settled in a ‘head-down’ position, hinting to the possibility that both mother and child may have died during childbirth. 

Preliminary analysis of the mother’s remains has revealed a misalignment in the woman’s pelvis, most likely the result of a fracture that had healed incorrectly. It is possible that this abnormality had caused problems during labour leading to the pair premature death.

The mother’s skeleton was resting in a contracted position and was wrapped in a leather shroud. Two pottery vessels accompanied her on her journey to the afterlife: one was a small Egyptian jar, beautifully made and worn down by years of use; the other was a fine bowl with a red polished surface and black interior, produced by these nomadic communities following a Nubian style.  

Dr. Waziri  mentioned that the mission was also found  an unexpected offering  in the grave, consisting of many unfinished ostrich eggshell beads and blank fragments. The reason behind this offering is unclear; it is possible that in life she was a well-regarded beadmaker and her family placed such large amount of unworked material in the grave to honour her memory.

#Egypt #Egypology #Archaeology 

#Egypt #Aswan #Egyptology #Archaeology 

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Tuesday 30 October 2018

DISCOVERED: How Ancient Egyptians Moved Huge Stones 4500 Years Ago

The joint mission of IFAO and University of Liverpool directed by Dr. Yannis Gourdon and Dr. Roland Enmarch has discovered the way ancient Egyptians used to move the stone blocks from the alabaster quarries of Hatnub (East of Tell Amarna, Minia) during the reign of King Khufu (Cheops).

Dr. Mostafa Waziry said “The mission started working in Hatnub since 2012 to produce a full epigraphic, photographic and topographical record of the surviving inscriptions of Hatnub Quarry. As a result of the studies and the historical examination of the inscriptions and steles of Hatnoub,

Dr. Yannis Gourdon said “The mission successfully discovered a unique system to pull and transfer the stone blocks from the bottom of the quarry after removing the debris used to cover it which can be dated to the reign of King Khufu of the 4th Dynasty. The moving system consists of the central ramp surrounded by two set of stairs contain poles holes which help lifting the alabaster stone block through at least 20% coarse ramp. There are at least 100 inscriptions discovered commemorating pharaonic expeditions to the alabaster quarries at Hatnub from the Old Kingdom to the New Kingdom.

Dr. Waziry described the discovery that it is of a great importance as it is the first time to discover a system to move and transfer blocks from quarries and how the ancient Egyptians lifted the multi tons blocks off coarse ramps during the era of building the Great Pyramid which changes our understanding of how the pyramids were built.

Dr. Roland Enmarch said “The restoration team is working on the preservation of the inscriptions as well as the epigraphic survey of the residential structures around the quarries made of different stone blocks used for the quarries workers. The team unearthed 4 stone steles. One of the steles shows a drawing of a standing person and the other three have unclear hieratic inscriptions due to the bad state of preservation and in need of restoration and preservation.  

The Project Page on IFAO site HERE
The Project Page on University of Liverpool HERE

#Egypt #Egyptology #Archaeology #Pyramids #IFAO

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Thursday 11 October 2018

Egyptian Archaeologists Discover Stela of Liberation Queens in Aswan

Egyptian Archaeologists discovered a limestone stela in Kom Ombo temple area dated back to Early 18th Dynasty or the Liberation war period.  

Dr. Mostafa Waziry (Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities) said that the stela has a scene in the upper lunette shows two persons making an offering to Queen Tetisheri and Queen Ahmos-Nefertari. The stele shows Queen Tetisheri titles as “Mother of the King” and “Lady of the Two Lands”.  

The importance of this discovery that it shows the activities of the Kings in Upper Egypt to secure their territories during their way with the Hyksos. This discovery is a part of the series of discoveries that could re-date the temple to an older date than it was previously known.

Mohamed AbdBadie said “It is known that Queen Tetisheri is the mother of King Seqenenre and the grandmonth of King Ahmose I and she is the one who inspired them the liberation spirit. Tetisheri was very well respected and dignified by the Egyptians for her great role in the Egyptian history.”

Mr. Abd El-Monem Said, Director of Aswan Antiquities said “The two Queens are of the most important female figures in the history of ruling familes in Egypt and had many stelae and chapels dedicated to them all over Egypt.”

#Egypt #Egyptology #Archaeology #Aswan #KomOmbo #Stela #Tetisheri #discovery

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Monday 1 October 2018

Czech Archaeologists Discover The Keeper of the Secret’s Tomb

The Czech mission directed by Dr. Miroslav Barta discovered a huge tomb of limestone and mud brick dated to the middle of the 5th Dynasty to the era of King Nyuserre (Nyuserre Ini).

Dr. Mostafa Waziry told Luxor Times that the tomb belongs to a person called “Ka Ir Is” who held several titles during the 5th Dynasty including “The overseer of All Royal Works” “Imi-ra kat-nebet net-nesw” 

Mr. Adel Okasha said “During the excavation work the mission found inside the main shaft; a pink granite statue which was broken into two parts. The statue represents the tomb owner sitting on a small stall and wearing wig. The name and titles of the tomb owner in inscribed in the stall. 
The other titles of the tomb owner include “Beloved by his lord, Keeper of the Secret of the house of Morning, Friend/courtier of the King”

Dr. Barta said that the mission with continue the work to reveal and document the rest of the tomb. 

#Egypt #Egyptology #Archaeology #Discovery #Pyramids #OldKingdom  

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Wednesday 5 September 2018

Rock-cut Tomb in a 4000-year-old Elite Cemetery Discovered

An Egyptian archaeological team has discovered a rock-cut tomb in Lisht,

Adel Okasha (Director of Cairo and Giza Antiquities) told Luxor Times “The disdovered tomb is about 300 meters to the North-East of Senusret I’s pyramid. It consists of two parts, first the open courtyard which leads to a vaulted ceiling corridor with some visible hieroglyph inscriptions. 
The corridor leads to a broad hall to the west of it a small inscribed and decorated chapel which currently the restoration department in Lisht is performing the needed restoration for this part.”   
Mr. Mohamed El-Daly (Director of Dahshur and Lisht Antiquities) said “The second part of the tomb is a burial shaft in the open courtyard and measures 100cm x 80cm and about 3 meters deep. 
Inside the burial shaft to the west, a corridor leads to the first burial chamber which is an undecorated room contains to the north wall an empty undecorated limestone sarcophagus and to the south side an entrance to another room contains another empty undecorated limestone sarcophagus, but it is unique as it has inside different geometric formations (shapes).

The southern side of the shaft has an entrance leading to more chambers which will be excavated next season.”

Mr. Yasser Abd Fatah (General Director of Dahshur and Lisht Antiquities) said “So far we didn’t find any inscriptions to reveal the name or titles of the tomb owner, but more field work and studies will help in defining the tomb owner.”

For more work from Lisht, check the Egyptian-American mission's work HERE 

#Egypt #Egyptology #Archaeology #Rock-cuttomb 

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Sunday 2 September 2018

5000+ year-old Neolithic village discovered in the Nile Delta

The Egyptian-French mission at the Tell el-Samara site in the Dakahlia governorate in the middle of the Nile Delta has recently uncovered one of the oldest villages ever discovered in the Nile Delta.

Dr. Aiman Ashmawi said that the joint mission between IFAO and the Ministry of Antiquities excavated the remains of a Neolithic settlement, which occupation lasted til the 2nd dynasty at the lower level of the El-Samara site. 

He also added that the importance of this discovery that Neolithic period’s findings are not matched or known in delta except for the site of Sais. 

Dr. Frederic Guyot, head of the mission said “The mission has discovered several storage magazines which contained a large number of animal bones and botanical remains as well as pottery and stone tools which confirms the existence of settled societies in in Delta’s wetland since 5th millennium B.C.”

Dr. Guyot also said “The information collected since 2015 from the site give us a unique opportunity to know more about the life style of the prehistoric communities once lived in Delta thousands of years before the unification of the two lands and the beginning of the Egyptian recorded history.”

Dr. Nadia Khedr (Director of Lower Egypt Antiquities) said “Continuing the excavation next season as well as the analysis of the organic materials discovered will give us the chance to gain a better knowledge of the prehistoric societies in Lower Egypt and more on the origin of agriculture in Egypt.” 

 You can check the mission's 2016 season's full report HERE

#Egypt #Archaeology #Egyptology #IFAO #Neolithic 

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Thursday 30 August 2018

Egyptian-American team wraps a dig season after documenting 800+ Middle Kingdom tombs

The joint team of Ministry of Antiquities and University of Alabama in Birmingham (UAB) wrapped up their season at Lisht necropolis.

Mr. Adel Okasha (Director of Cairo and Giza Antiquities) said that the team finished the documentation, mapping and 3D topographic survey of south Lisht as 802 tombs were documented which represent a group of Middle Kingdom tombs previously excavated.

The tombs which are laid along the rocky edge of the area belong to individuals and have their own architectural style.
The tombs vary between the rock-cut, topped by upper mud brick structure or limestone tombs.

Mr. Okasha also said that this survey is vital as it provides a database of information on the Middle Kingdom cemeteries including the social hierarchy, religious rituals as well as the daily life in the capital of Egypt during the Middle Kingdom (Itj-Tawy).
The archaeological mission directed by Prof. Sarah Parcak has worked also on continuing the excavation and cleaning in the tomb of “Antef” the overseer of the army during the reign of Senusret I who held the title of “Royal Seal Bearer” which was discovered by the mission in 2016. You can check more on the tomb discovery HERE

The 2016 discovery landed the mission “Luxor Times Egyptology Award” in 2017 as one of the “Top 10 Discovery of the Year 2016”. The ceremonies were held at the Ministry of Antiquities in Cairo and the award was received by Mr. Adel Okasha on behalf of the team.

#Egypt #Egyptology #Archaeology #LuxorTimesEgyptologyAwards #MiddleKingdom

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